edition of the Federal Register. Populations of the Stephens' kangaroo rat reach their highest densities in grassland communities dominated by forbs and characterized by moderate to high amounts of bare ground, moderate slopes, and well-drained soils (Bontrager 1973, p. 100; O'Farrell and Uptain 1987, pp. However, the number of ecosystem-based reserves in San Diego County (currently one) does not meet the criteria identified in the draft recovery plan for delisting for having two ecosystem reserves, with one being in central San Diego County. Federal Register issue. on The established eight reserves exceed the four reserves (in number) identified as one of the criteria for downlisting by the draft Recovery Plan for the Stephens' Kangaroo Rat (Service 1997, p. 52). Comments submitted electronically using the Federal eRulemaking Portal (see ADDRESSES, below) are to be received by 11:59 p.m. Eastern Time on the closing date. 1995), cert. The program uses an ecosystem approach to planning for the protection and continuation of biological diversity. [3] The species is named after American zoologist Frank Stephens (1849–1937). Its tail length is 164 to 180mm, which puts the tail about 1.45 times the length of the body. 2018, p. 13; Kalansky et al. Please refer to the Species Report for additional discussion and background information. provide legal notice to the public or judicial notice to the courts. The soles of the hind limbs have a dusky color to them, there are a few white hairs on the tufts of the tail, and there are ventral and dorsal white stripes that run along the tail. (v) Actions taken by the California Department of Fish and Wildlife for conserving Stephens' kangaroo rat under the California Endangered Species Act (CESA). We issued a draft recovery plan in April of 1997 (Service 1997, entire). For Stephens' kangaroo rat, you may engage in the following actions: (i) Activities in accordance with a permit issued under § 17.32. Of the modeled suitable habitat approximately 16,438 ac (6,652 ha) in Riverside County and 12,129 ac (4,908 ha) in San Diego County is considered to be conserved. (1) Prohibitions. 5-7). Among the conditions outlined in the CEQA Guidelines that may lead to a mandatory findings of significance are where the project “has the potential to . This count refers to the total comment/submissions received on this document as reported by Regulations.gov. However, active Service-approved INRMPs for the species have been developed and implemented at three military installations (Camp Pendleton, Detachment Fallbrook, and Warner Springs). More specifically, nonnative, invasive, or noxious plant removal includes noxious weed control in the course of habitat management and restoration to benefit Stephens' kangaroo rat or other sensitive species in the grassland habitat. daily Federal Register on FederalRegister.gov will remain an unofficial are not part of the published document itself. (D) Firefighting activities associated with actively burning wildfires to reduce risk to life or property. It occurs sympatrically with the agile kangaroo rat, but tends to prefer few shrubs and gravelly soils to the agile's preference for denser shrubs. This total includes Federal, State, local, tribal, and private lands (Service 2020, Appendix D). electronic version on GPO’s govinfo.gov. We expect these indirect effects will continue into the future. 4321 et seq.) However, combined these threats may result in a greater overall cumulative impact to a species or its habitat. 69-75; U.S. However, we acknowledge that these types of actions are often undertaken through inclusion in land management plans or agreements that are approved by the CDFW, under the authority of the CESA, and that these plans and agreements address effects to the Stephens' kangaroo rat. The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS). 51-56)). They do this through their diet of seeds and burrowing. documents in the last year, 108 These changes in the use restrictions and land use changes have most likely reduced the incidence of exposure of Stephens' kangaroo rats to rodenticides and as a result reduced the magnitude of this threat now and into the future. 2018, pp. 2018, p. 23). We have solicited and incorporated peer review of the Species Start Printed Page 50993Report from objective and independent scientific experts. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and California State Department of Pesticide Regulation (CDPR). 2, 25). The Stephens' kangaroo rat was listed as endangered in 1988, mostly due to the direct and indirect effects of rapid loss, degradation, and fragmentation of habitat for the species. Approximately half of this modeled habitat (6,281 ac, (2,542 ha)) is considered conserved through management of INRMPs at the three military installations (Service 2020, Appendix D). Criterion 2 for downlisting states that one ecosystem-based reserve Start Printed Page 50995be established in San Diego County. Existing conserved and managed lands in both western Riverside and San Diego Counties are currently benefiting the species to the level that the species is not now endangered. 307-308; Smith et al. Given this assessment of the current best available information, and recognition that the current amount and type of reserves for Stephens' kangaroo rat does not meet the draft Recovery Plan requirements for delisting, we have concluded that the best scientific and commercial data available indicate that the time horizon on which those threats to the species and the species' responses to those threats are likely to occur is in the foreseeable future in all portions of the species' range. regulatory information on FederalRegister.gov with the objective of 11/25/2020, 379 Given the ongoing management actions to control these species, the threat from nonnative and invasive plants is considered a low-level threat. There are no federally recognized tribes affected by this proposed rule. documents in the last year, 35 Based on the best available data, we have determined that habitat fragmentation remains a moderate- to high-level threat to the Stephens' kangaroo rat and its habitat, and we can reliably predict that these habitat conditions are likely to remain into the future based on the level of small, isolated, unmanaged areas currently occupied by the species. The long-term viability of the Stephens' kangaroo rat, as with many wildlife species, is intimately tied to the availability and condition of its habitat. Redundancy refers to a species' ability to withstand catastrophic events (Shaffer and Stein 2000, pp. Proposed Rule Issued Under Section 4(d) of the Act, Government-to-Government Relationship With Tribes, PART 17—ENDANGERED AND THREATENED WILDLIFE AND PLANTS, Read the 24 public comments on this document, https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2020-16719, MODS: Government Publishing Office metadata, *         *         *         *         *         *         *. This time period includes multiple generations of the species and allows adequate time for conservation efforts (such as additional land protections or species' relocation efforts) to be implemented or changes in threats to be indicated through population responses. Price, Mary V., William S. Longland, and Ross L. Goldingay. In our 2010 12-month finding, we estimated the amount of occupied habitat (54,909 ac (22,221 ha)) for the Stephens' kangaroo rat, and compared that estimate to developed and conserved lands in Riverside and San Diego Counties (75 FR 51210-51211). Section 4 of the Act (16 U.S.C. We estimate that, of the 69,104 ac (27,966 ha) of modeled potentially suitable habitat for Stephens' kangaroo rat in Riverside County, approximately 16,438 ac (6,652 ha) of the modeled habitat is considered within conserved lands (including reserves) in Riverside County. Although NEPA requires full evaluation and disclosure of information regarding the effects of contemplated Federal actions on sensitive species and their habitats, it does not by itself regulate activities that might affect the Stephens' kangaroo rat; that is, effects to the species and its habitat would receive the same scrutiny as other plant and wildlife resources during the NEPA process and associated analyses of a project's potential impacts to the human environment. The President of the United States communicates information on holidays, commemorations, special observances, trade, and policy through Proclamations. In other words, the foreseeable future is the period of time in which we can make reliable predictions.


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