He mentally constructed a system of universal law; at the end of his captivity, he accompanied his pupils, the sons of Coyet, to the University of Leiden. This work propounded for the first time the so-called "collegial" theory of church government (Kollegialsystem), which, developed later by the learned Lutheran theologian Christoph Matthäus Pfaff [de], formed the basis of the relations of church and state in Germany and more especially in Prussia. He was succeeded as historiographer in Berlin by Charles Ancillon. In this a priori conception, in which he scarcely gives proof of historical insight, he shows himself as one of the precursors of Rousseau and of the Contrat social. In 1672 appeared the "De jure naturae et gentium libri octo", and in 1675 a résumé of it under the title of "De officio hominis et civis" ("On the Duty of Man and Citizen"), which, among other topics, gave his analysis of just war theory. Out of this study came a pseudonymous work on the condition of the Holy Roman Empire, De Statu Imperii Germanici (1667), a work later famous for its statement that the constitution of the Empire resembles a monster, being neither a monarchy nor an aristocracy nor a democracy. The first contract is based upon the consent of each individual. De Habitu Religionis Christianae ad Vitam Civilem. . He was born at Dorfchemnitz in the Electorate of Saxony. Its author directly challenged the organization of the Holy Roman Empire, denounced in the strongest terms the faults of the house of Austria, and attacked with vigour the politics of the ecclesiastical princes. Its trenchant critique of previous theories of the Holy Roman Empire elicited both attacks and defenses, and it also anticipated many elements in Pufendorf’s subsequent … Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 2001. The book also contained a justification of the idea of tolerance in general and in particular of the elector of Brandenburg, who had offered asylum to the Huguenots when they were driven out of France in 1685. In De habitu religionis christianae ad vitam civilem he traces the limits between ecclesiastical and civil power. His son Frederick III fulfilled the promises of his father; and Pufendorf, historiographer and privy councillor, was instructed to write a history of the Elector Frederick William ("De rebus gestis Frederici Wilhelmi Magni"). Pufendorf left Jena in 1658 as Magister and became a tutor in the family of Peter Julius Coyet, one of the resident ministers of King Charles X Gustav of Sweden, at Copenhagen with the help of his brother Esaias [de], a diplomat in the Swedish service. Oktober 1694 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Naturrechtsphilosoph …   Deutsch Wikipedia, Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf — Samuel von Pufendorf Samuel von Pufendorf Samuel von Pufendorf est un juriste et philosophe allemand du droit naturel, né le 8 janvier 1632, mort le 13 octobre 1694. Pufendorf argues that natural law does not extend beyond the limits of this life and merely regulates only external acts. Under the influence of Weigel, he started to read Hugo Grotius, Thomas Hobbes and René Descartes. He liberated the natural-law theory from the domination of scholasticism and humanism. In the same year Spinoza and Locke were born. * "Elementorum iurisprudentiae universalis" (1660)* "Elementorum iurisprudentiae universalis libri duo" (1660)* "De obligatione Patriam" (1663)* "De rebus gestis Philippi Augustae" (1663)* "De statu imperii germanici liber unus" (Geneva 1667)* "De statu imperii Germanici" (Amsterdam 1669) * "De jure naturae et gentium" (1672)* "De officio hominis et civis juxta legem naturalem libri duo" or "On The Duty of Man and Citizen According to the Natural Law" (1673) [http://www.lonang.com/exlibris/pufendorf/index.html] * Einleitung zur Historie der vornehmsten Reiche und Staaten* "Commentarium de rebus suecicis libri XXVI., ab expeditione Gustavi Adolphi regis in Germaniam ad abdicationem usque Christinae"* "De rebus a Carolo Gustavo gestis" (Stockholm)* "De rebus gestis Friderici Wilhelmi Magni" [http://www.uni-mannheim.de/mateo/camenahist/autoren/pufendorf_hist.html (1733 edition)], * [http://www.constitution.org/puf/puf-dut.htm On the Duty of Man and Citizen, 1682, by Samuel von Pufendorf], Samuel von Pufendorf — Samuel von Pufendorf, Kupferstich von Joachim von Sandrart Samuel Freiherr von Pufendorf (* 8. Pufendorf is seen as an important precursor of Enlightenment in Germany.


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