[33], flowering plant species in the carrot family. They are widely consumed directly after meals in many countries and used in a wide variety of foods. [29] In 2014, India produced 60% of the world output of fennel, with China and Bulgaria as leading secondary producers (table). Other countries with high yields include Turkey, France, and Germany. An herbal tea or tisane can be made from fennel.[28]. Explore the archive of the Fennel production volume and market shares in countries with the most competitive Fennel markets. Cuisine. have finely divided, hairlike leaves; their roots have a delicate rice-like odor, unlike the musty odor of hemlock. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒkioʊ/, US: /-ˈnoʊk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable. Get updated on the current Fennel production volumes and market shares. [32] Other phytochemicals found in fennel fruits include polyphenols, such as rosmarinic acid and luteolin, among others in minor content. your neighbors and the world! Promoting digestion. Fennel seeds can be stepped in hot water for few minutes, in order to obtain a warm beverage that can be taken to soothe the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and menopause. [2] It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. [3], The Greek name for fennel is marathon (μάραθον) or marathos (μάραθος),[4] and the place of the famous battle of Marathon literally means a plain with fennel. Its counterpart, bronze-leaved fennel (Foeniculum vulgare 'Purpureum'), is used more frequently as a decorative or ornamental plant, as opposed to a food product or herbal medicine. Tarla Dalal. The dried fennel seed, however, is a common seasoning found in major supermarkets worldwide throughout the year. If you are a buyer who wants to buy a specific product, simply leave us an inquiry and we’ll find the best matching offers for you. Capsules. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. All you have to do is compare and choose the best one. The bulb is a crisp vegetable that can be sautéed, stewed, braised, grilled, or eaten raw. Hailing from the Mediterranean Basin, fennel may now be a familiar sight on coastlines and plains across the world, but behind it there is a long history of human use that spans from stem to seed to flower, mainly due to fennel's pleasant aroma, which has lent itself to culinary feats for centuries, but also to its long list of medicinal benefits. On the other hand, fennel provides good amounts of vitamin C (arcorbic acid), enough to help promote immunity and proper iron absorption. Fennel is also used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes. Dill, coriander, and caraway are similar-looking herbs, but shorter-growing than fennel, reaching only 40–60 cm (16–24 in). In 2014, India produced 60% of the world output of fennel, with China and Bulgaria as leading secondary producers (table). �*{�_���v�0��QL��,�{�z����=¬$A2��C���GU7b[YEf�q�eO /�����a�QO��ݹ���5|� �����to�=F� Harvesting is possible approximately 12 weeks after planting, when the fennel bulb is about the size of a tennis ball. 3 0 obj The fruits are used in cookery and sweet desserts.[25]. In the Indian subcontinent, fennel fruits are also eaten raw, sometimes with a sweetener. Calflora taxon report, University of California, http://www.tarladalal.com/glossary-fennel-seeds-410i, "Production in 2014, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Foeniculum vulgareMill: A Review of Its Botany, Phytochemistry, Pharmacology, Contemporary Application, and Toxicology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fennel&oldid=982588586, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Middle English (1100-1500)-language text, Articles containing Old English (ca. Dried. All Rights Reserved. [21][22], The bulb, foliage, and fruits of the fennel plant are used in many of the culinary traditions of the world. The dried seeds of fennel are most commonly employed for seasoning in larger dishes, though they are sometimes eaten raw. Most of this is consumed within the subcontinent itself, but the fraction that is exported still results in $10.7 million USD per year. Produce Sharing allows you to share your produce discoveries with Fennel bulbs are also a good source of dietary fiber, which supports proper digestion, helps reduce sugar spikes after meals, and promotes regular bowel movements, making of this vegetable a great option for diabetics and people who suffer from constipation. Foeniculum vulgare was likely plentiful long beforehand, however, as the ancient Greeks featured it in mythological tales and were later known to call it marathon due to its wild growth on the field where the famous battle of Marathon was fought. apples? [10] Since the seed in the fruit is attached to the pericarp, the whole fruit is often mistakenly called "seed". HerbaZest.com. Roasted, grilled, or boiled, alone or with other vegetables, fennel bulbs can add nutritional value and flavor to a myriad of dishes. Infusion. [17], Fennel has become naturalized along roadsides, in pastures, and in other open sites in many regions, including northern Europe, the United States, southern Canada, and much of Asia and Australia. Fennel is available year-round with a peak season during the fall and winter months. ��u�";[d�L��I�4�}$4"M�m��Yj����$> Explore detailed information about the global Fennel markets. What is Fennel? It is an aromatic herb that has been widely used as a spice and traditional medicine. This came from Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay".

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