This is a chemical that can be found naturally occurring in the environment. Disclaimer: All information provided on this site, including removal and cleanup guides, is for educational purposes only. Transverse myelitis has been reported following occupational exposure. Dermal exposure to this chemical can result in reddening and blistering of the skin, and exposure to vapor and liquid form can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and can als… 3) CHRONIC EXPOSURE: Has been associated with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, various types of leukemia, myeloid metaplasia, aplastic anemia, menstrual cycle disruption, spontaneous abortion, stillbirth, and an increased likelihood of the development of diabetes. Many benzene derivatives, such as styrene and phenol, are used to make a variety of other compounds, such as polymers, plastics, resins, and adhesives. eCollection 2018. Werder EJ, Beier JI, Sandler DP, Falkner KC, Gripshover T, Wahlang B, Engel LS, Cave MC. C) EPIDEMIOLOGY: Acute exposure is very rare. Exposure can occur occupationally and domestically as a result of the ubiquitous use of benzene-containing petroleum products, including motor fuels and solvents. Benzene exposure to the skin causes the development of erythema, burning, and edema. This area of Clean Water Partners aims to provide information with regards to a range of benzene related matters, from some of the different types of leukemia and illnesses that can be caused by exposure to matter relating to the legal rights of those affected by ill health through benzene exposure. Benzene affects many organ systems. The information here is sourced well and enriched with great visual photo and video illustrations. This result is consistent with many studies, which reported the same at benzene exposure levels ranging from 1.9–14.8 ppm [26] and 0.005–5.3 ppm [27]. In addition, health education programs can be introduced for drivers to increase the taxi drivers’ level of awareness of the drawbacks of exposure to those environmental contaminants. This mold is often hard to distinguish from the regular mold, but it can cause various health issues, especially among vulnerable people. Is It Hard to Cope with Black Mold in Toilet? This article explains what the disease is and how it can affect the body, what the symptoms and diagnostic methods are, and what sort of treatments can be considered. Important examples include the sandwich and half-sandwich complexes, respectively, Cr(C 6 H 6) 2 and [RuCl 2 (C 6 H 6)] 2. Benzene is rapidly absorbed into the blood stream and travels to the brain with devastating effects. Epub 2005 Apr 7. Read our Terms & Conditions for good use of this website. Regarding the general characteristics of the studied groups, there were no significant differences regarding age, marital status, or income. Methods . Levels have also been found to be higher in smokers than in nonsmokers. It is also used in a variety of man-made products, such as solvents, paints, dyes, in the petroleum industry, and in a …, Used in a range of plastics, chemical products, and household products, Benzene is a chemical has been linked to leukemia since the late 1800s. HHS The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Accidental or intentional ingestion of benzene causes acute poisoning. Highly concentrated benzene vapors or spills of liquid benzene on the skin can cause second-degree burns. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Exposure can occur occupationally, in the general environment and in the home as a result of the ubiquitous use of benzene-containing petroleum products, including motor fuels and solvents. Some of the side effects of Benzene exposure include: Although tests into the acute and chronic effects of Benzene are still ongoing, tests already performed have shown that this chemical is linked to a range of disorders and ailments, which can cause anything from discomfort to death. In contrast to results in humans, such chromosomal aberrations have been transient in laboratory animals. Fluid accumulates in the lungs compromising breathing; there is poor oxygen absorption from the air. Despite the levels were less than the threshold level, the mean concentration of benzene in the breathing zone of drivers was greater than the reported studies from Asia, Australia, and America [14, 17–20]. The contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. Stupor, delirium, and drowsiness give way to seizures and coma. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. Larger doses of this chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions, and can ultimately lead to death. Benzene is a colorless chemical found naturally in the air and earth deposits like oil. Due to this growing concern, many different laws have been …, Have you ever noticed dark patches on various spots in your home? The exposure circumstance entails exposures that are carcinogenic to humans. It is also used in a variety of man-made products, such as solvents, paints, dyes, in … Also RBC counts remained unchanged between village inhabitants and exposed MBTD. Environmental Law, Mold & Water Damage Experts. Hello, we provide concise yet detailed articles on "Effect Choices: Benzene - Benzene Health Effects" topic. Chronic exposure to benzene can cause a serious bone marrow disorder called pancytopenia. This is in agreement with Bahrami et al. This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Chin and S. A. Batterman, “VOC composition of current motor vehicle fuels and vapors, and collinearity analyses for receptor modeling,”, A. Thetkathuek, W. Jaidee, S. Saowakhontha, and W. Ekburanawat, “Neuropsychological symptoms among workers exposed to toluene and xylene in two paint manufacturing factories in eastern Thailand,”, M. Neghab, K. Hosseinzadeh, and J. Hassanzadeah, “Hematological study of petrol station workers exposed to unleaded petrol,”, G. M. Abdel-Rasoul, E. A. Salem, H. K. Allam, Y. It is present in the air largely as a pollutant from manufacturing and motor vehicle exhaust. Inhalational exposure causes bronchial irritation, cough, hoarseness, pulmonary edema, and chemical pneumonitis. The present data clearly showed reduction in MCH (pg), WBCs, and platelets with no significant difference regarding RBcs, Hb, HCT, and MCV. It is thought that many chemical companies have been aware of the dangers of Benzene for quite some time, but despite this knowledge these same companies failed to warn workers or protect them …, Benzene, a colorless, sweet-smelling chemical, is used in a number of products, including dyes, solvents, paints, plastics, chemical products, and the petroleum industry. This is in agreement with the findings of Wang et al. Truven Health Analytics Inc. does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Truven Health Analytics Inc. products. Furthermore, employing of gas sensors, specific to the detected gases, is an effective solution to detect gas levels when they exceed the permissible levels. Accidental or intentional ingestion of benzene causes acute poisoning. Chronic exposure to benzene can cause a serious bone marrow disorder called pancytopenia. Regarding the hematological effects, MCH (pg), TLC (×103/μl), and platelets (×103/μl) were significantly lower among taxi drivers (26.77 ± 3.58, 6.90 ± 1.49, and 204.60 ± 56.49, respectively) than among controls (27.61 ± 2.28, 8.57 ± 1.91, and 266.06 ± 52.87, respectively) (, <0.001, and <0.001, respectively) while MCHC (gm/dl) was significantly higher among taxi drivers (33.90 ± 1.86) than among the unexposed group (31.36 ± 0.75) () (Table 4). Some of the high risk group occupations have been identified as chemical workers, refinery workers, rubber workers, printers, leather workers, press workers, painters, and gasoline distributors.

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