A crown of amaranth flowers worn on the head speeds healing. It is an annual, so it will have to be replanted, or allowed to self-seed each year. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. It is a popular snack sold in Mexico City and other parts of Mexico, sometimes mixed with chocolate or puffed rice, and its use has spread to Europe and other parts of North America. 2007. season! The taxonomy is further differentiated by sections within each of the sub-genera (Mosyakin and Robertson 1996). In Ecuador, the flowers are boiled then the colored boiling water is added to “aquardeinte” rum to create a drink that “purifies the blood,” and is also reputed to help regulate the menstrual cycle. Flower heads can be cut when they bloom and hung upside down to dry. To cook amaranth seeds as a cereal or side dish, like rice or couscous, combine equal parts water and apple juice or broth (depending on whether you want your amaranth to be sweet or not) to get 2 cups liquid. eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'newworldencyclopedia_org-leader-2','ezslot_7',169,'0','0'])); There are 4 species of Amaranthus documented as cultivated vegetables in eastern Asia: Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus tricolor.[1]. It is known in Yoruba as efo tete or arowo jeja ("we have money left over for fish"). having small green, red, or purple tinted flowers, e.g. Amaranth leaves can be cooked and eaten like spinach. Meaning in the Language of Flowers: Unchangeable. Amaranth seeds, like buckwheat and quinoa, contain protein that is unusually complete for plant sources (WH 2005). Amaranth species are cultivated and consumed as a leaf vegetable in many parts of the world. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Not all amaranth plants are cultivated. Costea, M., and D. DeMason. In pre-Hispanic times, amaranth was cultivated by the Aztec and their tributary communities in a quantity very similar to maize. It is also associated with immortality and is used to decorate images of gods and goddesses as well as in Pagan funeral ceremonies. Most of the species from Amaranthus are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds (Bensch et al. To this day, amaranth grains are toasted much like popcorn and mixed with honey, molasses, or chocolateto … It tolerates a variety of soil types, though fertile, well-drained soil is best. They are very high in iron and vitamin C and also contain calcium, protein, phosphorus, potassium, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin. See more information under “culinary use”. Amaranth flour can be used in making pasta, flatbreads, and pancakes. Amaranthus is a showy and exotic plant, ideal for beds and borders. Several species are raised for amaranth grain in Asia and the Americas. It was supposed to have special healing properties, and as a symbol of immortality was used to decorate images of the gods and tombs. 2003) and have been causing problems for farmers since the mid-1990s. They are best when they are young and fresh and are usually in good shape late spring through early autumn. It was one of the staple foodstuffs of the Incas, and it is known as kiwicha in the Andes today. In Mexico, popped amaranth is blended with molasses or honey and formed into a bar, much like a granola bar, or Rice Krispy treats. Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. Because of its valuable nutrition, some farmers grow amaranth today and it is seen a potentially important agricultural crop of the future. To cite this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed. eval(ez_write_tag([[970,250],'newworldencyclopedia_org-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_6',168,'0','0'])); The amaranth flower is one of the symbols of immortality and has been used as such a symbol since the time of Ancient Greece. prince's feather and pigweed. A few species have unisexual flowers. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Besides protein, amaranth grain provides a good source of dietary fiber and dietary minerals such as iron, magnesium, phosphorus, copper, and especially manganese. It is sometimes recommended by some doctors for people having low red blood cell count. United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). 2003. Amaranth is a highly-nutritive tonic herb. During the carnival festival women dancers often use the red amaranth flower as rouge, painting their cheeks, then dancing while carrying bundles of amaranth on their backs as they would a baby. Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. Infrageneric classification focuses on inflorescence, flower characters, and whether a species is monoecious/dioecious, as in the Sauer (1955) suggested classification (Juan et al. Place in a saucepan with 1 cup amaranth seeds and bring to a gentle boil. Whatever this chemical is, it is more of a problem with raw seeds than cooked seeds. In legend, Amarynthus (a form of Amarantus) was a hunter of Artemis and king of Euboea; in a village of Amarynthus, of which he was the eponymous hero, there was a famous temple of Artemis Amarynthia or Amarysia (Strabo x. In Vietnam, it is called rau dền and is used to make soup. Such use is seen in works of poetry, fables, and songs. Amaranth: The once and future crop. In Africa and the Caribbean, amaranth is a common potherb and the leaves are picked off as needed. In ancient Greece, the amaranth (also called chrysanthemum and helichrysum) was sacred to Ephesian Artemis. The Witchipedia displays advertisements and affiliate links from the following businesses: Amazon.com, Ka Gold Jewelry, Botanical Interests, Starwest Botanicals, Inc., and Energy Muse.


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